Staszów is one of the towns which Kolberg visited during his research in 1840s and 1850s. Its descriptions appear in volumes related to both Radom and Sandomierz regions, because he regarded this area as former Sandomierz land.
He did not write much about the town itself though. He mentions that it is located by the Czarna river and to the West of Sandomierz. An important monument in this town was a church buit in 1345, which contains a chapel funded by the Tęczyński family from the beginning of the 17th century. In the second part of the 19th century, there were a few factories and a handicraft workshop. In 1874 there was a big fire which, according to the ethnographer: ‘reduced a big part of the city to ashes’.
Kolberg concentrated on documenting local songs and dances, such as Krakowiak, Polka, Mazur and Waltz. He was also interested in local customs connected to the wedding  and Christmas celebration. According to Kolberg, on Christmas Eve they [inhabitants of this area] put a straw on the Christmas table and cover it with a white cloth. Participants share a Christmas wafer, they drink vodka and eat herrings”. After the evening they leaved a bread with a knife and wafer on it at the table . In the following morning they checked which part of the knife began to rust. The part from the wafer side was a sign for a wheat plague, the side from a bread side was a sign for a rye plague in the following year.
A lot of songs documented in Staszów were heard also in other nearby places, such as Czajków, Rytwiany or Szczuka.